In Print and Online

Category: Parks and protected areas


Title: Establishing networks of marine protected areas: A guide for developing national and regional capacity for building MPA networks. Non-technical summary report

Organization: World Conservation Union (IUCN)

Date: 2007

Language: English

Number of pages: 10

Eco-Index Summary: The World Conservation Union produced this non-technical report to provide an overview on designing networks of marine protected areas (MPAs). The report outlines ecological design criteria for MPA networks, including viability, permanence, maximum connectivity, and more. The best practices for planning and implementing MPA networks, such as defining objectives, political commitment, stakeholder involvement, using available information, and adaptive management techniques. The report helps readers to identify the economic and social; spatial and temporal; scientific and information management; and institutional and governance considerations needed to ensure that MPA networks are set in context, and concludes with a discussion on the key elements needed to ensure that MPA networks are created and achieve their goals.


Title: How is your MPA doing? A Guidebook of Natural and Social Indicators for Evaluating Marine Protected Area Management Effectiveness

Authors: Robert S. Pomeroy, John E. Parks, Lani M. Watson

Organization: World Conservation Union (IUCN)

Date: 2004

Language: English, Spanish

Number of pages: 234

Eco-Index Summary: The World Conservation Union offers a "how-to" manual to evaluate the effectiveness of marine protected areas (MPAs). The first section, "The Evaluation Process," outlines how to choose indicators, such as identifying MPA goals and objectives; matching relevant indicators to these goals; prioritizing indicators; and identifying relationships between indicators. The report continues to instruct on planning and conducting evaluations, including addressing resource needs; identifying who will receive the results; developing a timeline and workplan; collecting, managing, and analyzing data; and peer reviews and independent evaluations; disseminating results; and using results to adapt management strategies. The report concludes with a discussion biophysical, social, and governance indicators used to evaluate MPA management effectiveness.


Title: Estado del Sistema Centroamericano de Áreas Protegidas: Informe de Síntesis Regional

Authors: Ronald Mac Carthy, Alberto Salas, Juan Carlos Godoy, Lenín Corrales and Lorenzo Cardenal

Organization: Central American Commission for the Environment and Development

Date: 2003

Language: Spanish

Number of pages: 35, with Photos, Charts, and Graphs

Eco-Index Summary: This report is a synthesis of the official National Reports prepared by the relevant government agencies in the seven Central American nations and presented by them at the First Mesoamerican Congress on Protected Areas, held in Nicaragua in March 2003. It describes the current status of the Central American Protected Areas System (Sistema Centroamericano de Áreas Protegidas or SICAP) from different perspectives, including: public and private conservation, different national and international management categories, tourism, and relationships with nearby communities. Also included is a review of the various regional and international agreements related to protected areas.


Title: At the Crossroads of Conservation and Development: The Challenge of the Maya Forest

Authors: Thomas T. Ankersen and Luis Arriola

Organization: University of Florida (Levin College of Law and School of Anthropology), United States of America

Date: February 2001

Languages: English, Spanish

Number of pages: 13 pages including several Detailed Maps and a Classification List of Land use Types

Eco-Index Summary: The Maya Forest consists of 25,000 square kilometers of continuous forest including southern Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize. What the report calls "ecological choke points" pose threats to the integrity of this landscape. The authors explore the merits of a conservation approach called the regional reserve design, which they further define in terms of three components: core areas, buffer zones and biodiversity corridors. They summarize the findings of a group of conservationists (the Selva Maya Coalition) who met in June 2000 in Guatemala, where they discussed threats to the Maya Forest from fragmentation and identified three critical choke points. In addition to describing the institutional and biophysical characteristics of established reserves in the region, the report highlights the necessity and challenge of considering human uses of the land in a conservation and development strategy. The report includes a helpful land-use classification system for the Maya Forest, using the El Ceibo corridor in Guatemala as an example, and concludes with a list of common factors affecting the development of a comprehensive, trinational conservation strategy for the forest. The authors recommend that conservation planners consider these factors.


Title: Fully Protected Marine Reserves: A Guide

Authors: Callum M. Roberts and Julie P. Hawkins

Organization: World Wildlife Fund

Date: 2000

Language: English

Number of pages: 137

Eco-Index Summary: The ocean's incredible biodiversity holds many species that humans have been utilizing for centuries, as well as secrets and wealth yet to be discovered. However human impacts are having a dramatic effect on the viability of this biodiversity. The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) proposes the need for new approaches to better manage our oceans. The importance of establishing and protecting ocean reserves, as well as the social impact of these reserves is explored. Through this report, the WWF examines the many aspects of establishing marine reserves, including management and financing, as well as the tourism and fishing industry. The report includes case studies, figures and tables.


Title: Consultoría para el Diseño de Señales de Carretera y Materiales de Comunicación para los Parques de las Áreas Protegidas del Corredor Biológico Mesoamericano

You can download the report by chapter or the entire document.

Authors: Jorge Serendero, Mario Bolaños y Katiana Murillo

Organization: Sipcom Green Comunicación y Publicidad, for the Central American Environment and Development Commission

Date: July 2003

Language: Spanish

Number of pages: 172, with Illustrations and Photos

Eco-Index Summary: This document proposes a signage system for protected areas within the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor and offers design ideas for other related communications materials. The report includes descriptions of the parks visited, appropriate construction materials, and the weather conditions, colors, sizes, types, and content of welcome signs, information displays, trail signs, and highway signs placed on popular tourism routes. Recommended signage is integrated with the surroundings; for example, they may be shaped like trees or leaves for forested areas and like sails along the beach. The report includes a summary of the laws that regulate the placement of signs along highways and in protected areas of Central America.