In Print and Online

Category: Coral reefs


Title: Coral Reef Resilience and Resistance to Bleaching

Authors: Gabriel D. Grimsditch and Rodney V. Salm

Organization: World Conservation Union (IUCN)

Date: 2006

Language: English

Number of pages: 56

Eco-Index Summary: In this report, the World Conservation Union collects the current scientific knowledge on coral reef resistance and resilience to bleaching, a possible major effect of climate change. The report provides a brief overview of coral bleaching and the definition of resistance and resilience, and continues with a discussion of a variety of resistance and resilience factors, and identifies existing knowledge gaps. The report then provides an overview of some of the tools and strategies we can use to enhance coral reef resilience, and concludes with a review of current initiatives working on coral reef resilience and identifies possible future opportunities for research.


Title: Mesoamerican Barrier Reef Financial Model

Organization: World Wildlife Foundation (WWF), Mesoamerican Reef Fund (MAR Fund)

Date: April 2006

Language: English

Number of pages: 8

Eco-Index Summary: WWF and the MAR fund have developed a financial model for managing a network of protected areas in the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef (MAR). This model seeks to estimate the costs of managing such a network. To do so, authors compiled data on current and projected management costs for coastal and marine protected areas in the MAR; developed a tool that provides current and future financial scenarios for managing these areas at a national and regional level; and developed a tool to secure the funds needed to manage a secure network of protected areas in the MAR. The report features information on how the data was classified; the criteria used to develop the financial model; and provides detailed information and graphs on how the model is structured nationally and regionally.


Title: A Reef Manager’s Guide to Coral Bleaching

Authors: Paul Marshall and Heidi Schuttenberg

Organizations: United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA); Government of Australia - Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority; World Conservation Union (IUCN)

Date: 2006

Language: English

Number of pages: 178

Eco-Index Summary: This valuable report is a comprehensive guide to help coral reef managers respond to bleaching events. It provides detailed analyses and recommendations regarding building reef resilience to bleaching; identifying conditions that can predict a bleaching event; identifying reef areas that are resilient to bleaching; developing a response plan; implementing management techniques during a bleaching event; using marine protected areas and other management techniques to increase resilience, and outlines reef restoration methods. The report also discusses whether reefs can adapt to climate change, and the relationship between reefs and human populations in the coming years.


Title: Building Synergies in the Mesoamerican Reef Region: An analysis of Conservation Investments to Strengthen Collaboration and Partnerships. Phase I: International Organizations and Agencies

Organizations: The Nature Conservancy, World Wildlife Fund, The Summit Foundation, and the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System Project

Date: October 2005

Language: English

Number of pages: 30

Eco-Index Summary: This report explores ways to promote more effective collaboration and cooperation through an assessment of conservation investments being made on the Mesoamerican Reef (MAR). Considering the diverse nature of institutional agendas, approaches, and functions, developing meaningful collaborative initiatives and minimizing duplication of efforts in the region constitutes a great challenge. The study shows principal threats, conservation investment efforts, and challenges to achieve greater collaboration; it gives an assessment and a spatial analysis in order to identify specific areas of large and potentially overlapping investment, as well areas of high threat currently not being addressed. It also considers types, options, and mechanisms for collaboration.

The largest gaps in conservation on the MAR highlighted in the report are: lack of strategies to address coastal and watershed development, rapidly expanding mass tourism, and lack of standardized measures to assess conservation success over the long-term. The study was based on various forms of institutional data and documents, as well interviews with representatives from 12 institutions, such as: Conservation International, Summit Foundation, Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System Project of the Central American Commission on Environment and Development, World Wildlife Fund, and The Nature Conservancy Mesoamerican Reef Program. According to this report, an analysis of conservation investments at a national level will be conducted in the near future.


Title: Report from the Field: Update from the Conservation of the Mesoamerican Reef Program

Author: David Dudenhoefer

Organizations: Rainforest Alliance and Summit Foundation

Date: December 2004

Language: English

Number of pages: 36, with Photographs

Eco-Index Summary: A status report of the Summit Foundation's Mesoamerican Reef Program. This program aims to ensure that the Mesoamerican Reef thrives as a healthy, productive ecosystem capable of supporting vibrant economies and providing abundant marine resources for generations to come. Generated from interviews with Summit-supported project directors, the report gives detailed information about efforts to protect spawning aggregation sites in Belize; the Mesoamerican Reef fund, which funds conservation projects in Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, and Honduras; transforming the shrimp farming industry in Belize; the power of environmental law to protect the reef; reducing the impacts of large-scale tourism in Mexico and Belize, including waste management; stemming the threat of agrochemicals to reef populations by working with farmers in the Caribbean lowlands of Belize, Guatemala, and Honduras; and the efforts of the Toledo Institute for Development and the Environment's (TIDE) efforts to safeguard protected areas and the coastline of southern Belize.