In Print and Online
Organization: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Date: October 2011
Number of Pages: 110
Eco-Index Summary: This report is part of UNEP's fifth Global Environment Outlook (GEO-5) series, the UN's assessment of the status, trends, and outlook of the global environment and related policy measures. "Keeping Track" presents detailed statistical data that describes the environmental changes that have taken place worldwide from the first Rio Earth Summit in 1992 up until the Rio+20 Earth Summit in 2012. The comprehensive range of topics includes human population and development, economy, environmental trends (such as agriculture, climate change, forests, water, biodiversity, and fisheries), energy, and industry. The report concludes that overall, we have achieved limited progress on environmental issues and all components of the environment continue to degrade, in part due to inadequate data collection and monitoring tools. The authors recommend a focus on improved monitoring and data collection, as this is essential to support decision making that prioritizes sustainable consumption of natural resources.
Organization: Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity
Number of Pages: 228, with color photos, maps, charts, and appendices
Eco-Index Summary: This report, published by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) as the 54th volume of its Technical Series, provides a systemic analysis of the dynamic and complex relationship between biodiversity and human development, presents the root-causes and drivers of environmental degradation and biodiversity loss, and explores how we may transform this knowledge into relevant policy application. The report contains a technical section, which provides an introduction to the interdependence of biodiversity and human development; empirical background papers, which include case studies and global statistical correlations; and theoretical background papers, which include an alternative conceptual framework for sustainability based on systemics and thermodynamics.
Organizations: The American Prospect
Date: September 2007
Eco-Index Summary: The September 2007 edition of American Prospect magazine features a special report called "Tomorrow's Amazonia: Using and Abusing the World's Last Great Forests" that features 13 articles written by well-known and respected conservationists: "Deforestation and Poor Amazonians" by Mary Allegretti; "The Fractured Landscape" by Philip M. Fearnside; "Biodiversity in Jeopardy" by Michael Goulding and Adrian Forsyth; "Better Governance" by Stephen Schwartzman and Paulo Moutinho; "The Role of the Public Sector" by Anthony Hall; "Till the Cows Come Home" by Mark London and Brian Kelly; "Climate Change and the Forest" by Daniel Nepstad; "The Shielded Guianas" by Mark J. Plotkin; "Deforestation and Global Markets" by Stephen Schwartzman and Paulo Moutinho; "The Search for Solutions" by Roger D. Stone; "Whither Amazonia?" by Thomas E. Lovejoy and Yolanda Kakabadse; "The Economics of Storing Carbon" by Ghillean T. Prance; and "Tomorrow's Amazonia" by Roger D. Stone.
Organizations: Milleniuim Ecosystem Assessment/United Nations
Language: English, Spanish
Number of Pages: 219
Eco-Index Summary: The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Synthesis Report is a comprehensive study of the world's ecosystems, the benefits they provide to the global population, and threats such as natural disasters and invasive species. Compiled by scientists from 95 countries, the report states that 60 percent of ecosystems are being degraded. Also discussed is how poor rural communities are frequently not taken into account in poverty statistics, and that if not addressed, ecosystem degradation will continue to rise.
Organizations: World Conservation Union, United Kingdom Department for International Development, and European Commission
Language: English, Spanish
Number of Pages: 30, with Color Photos, Appendices
Eco-Index Summary: This online version of a 56-page printed report presents the experiences and lessons learned of people involved in biodiversity protection in European Commission partner countries. It was produced by the Biodiversity in Development Project (BDP), a collaborative initiative of the World Conservation Union, United Kingdom Department for International Development, and European Commission. BDP staff condensed the lessons into a set of seven Guiding Principles, which "aim to ensure that development cooperation projects and programmes are effective and sustainable, and take full account of environmental security and biodiversity issues."
Authors: Lorenzo Cardenal, Marisol Dimas, Carlos Rivas Leclair, Francisco de León, Elda Maldonado, Ronald McCarthy, Jorge Quezada, Bayardo Quintero, Oswaldo Sabido , Alberto Salas, María Fernanda Sánchez, Danilo Saravia, Lesbia Sevilla, Lemuel Valle, and Noé Ventura
Organizations: Central American Environment and Development Commission (Comisión Centroamericana de Ambiente y Desarrollo), in cooperation with the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor Consolidation Project, and the World Conservation Union
Date: February 2003
Languages: English, Spanish
Number of pages: 29, with Charts and Bibliography
Eco-Index Summary: This publication is based on national reports and summarizes how Central America has advanced toward the goal of complying with the Biological Diversity Convention. Sections focus on geographical context, an analysis of the progress of each of the seven countries of the region, and an examination of future challenges. Included is information about how the region has progressed in terms of established protected areas, categories of management, legislation, and regional and international cooperation.