In Print and Online
Organizations: WorldFish Center; Conservation International (CI)
Date: June 2011
Number of Pages: 104
Eco-Index Summary: Aquaculture is one of the fastest growing food production sectors in the world, providing more than half of all seafood consumed globally. This report is a comprehensive analysis of the environmental impact of the world's major aquaculture production systems and species, and offers the first global assessment of the trends and impacts of cultivated seafood. The authors state that the environmental impact of aquaculture varies dramatically by country, region, production system, and species, and conclude that aquaculture is more efficient and less damaging to the environment compared to other animal protein production systems, such as beef and pork, and is likely to be among the most important sources of protein for human health and nutrition in growing urban populations in many parts of the developing world. The report offers these three key recommendations to policy makers, development and environmental organizations, and industry professionals: 1) take steps together to improve production systems and techniques; 2) invest in innovation, especially to reduce reliance on fish meal and oils; and 3) strengthen regulation including improving monitoring and compliance.